SQL 2012 Hosting :: SQL Server 2012 Important System Functions

System functions perform operations and return information about database objects in SQL Server. In this article, you will see some of the SQL Server System functions which provide information about database objects. The System Functions can never be created by the user. They are pre-defined functions. So let’s take a look at a practical example of how to use System Functions in SQL Server. The example is developed in SQL Server 2012 using the SQL Server Management Studio. Some of SQL Server system functions are described in the following.

DataLength Function

The Datalength() function returns the length of the result of the string expression. It is similar to the LEN function.

Syntax

DATALENGTH(string_expression)

Example

Declare @string varchar(20)
Declare @stringname varchar(40)
set @string =’rohatash’
set @stringname =’Satendrta singh’
select DATALENGTH (@string) as StringLength
select DATALENGTH (@stringname) as StringLength

Output

DB_NAME Function

DB_NAME Function returns the name of the database with the identifier db_id. If no identifier is specified, the name of the current database will be displayed.

Syntax

DB_NAME([db_id])

In the preceding syntax, db_id is the database identifier.

Example

Select DB_NAME() as NameofDatabase
Select DB_NAME(9) as NameofDatabase — DB_Name with identifier

Host_Name Function

The Host_Name Function returns the name of the host or computer name.

Syntax

HOST_NAME()

Example

Select host_name() as NameofHost

Output

APP_NAME Function

The APP_NAME() function returns a string with the name of the application that initiated the database connection. APP_NAME() can be helpful if you’re troubleshooting a connection.

Syntax

APP_NAME()

Example

Select APP_name() as Nameofapplication

Output

Some Important system error functions in SQL Server

ERROR_LINE Function

The Error_Line function returns the error Line number from code. This function does not accept any parameters. Error_Line() function is used to determine the error line which occurred in a try block. The following query returns the line number where the error occurred:

BEGIN TRY
Select 11/ 0
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
SELECT ‘An error has occurred at line ‘ + cast(ERROR_line() as Varchar )
END CATCH

Output

ERROR_NUMBER Function

The ERROR_NUMBER function returns the number of the error which caused the CATCH block of TRY or CATCH logic to execute. The following query returns the number where the error occurred:

Example

BEGIN TRY
Select 11/ 0
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
SELECT ‘An error has occurred at line: ‘ + cast(ERROR_Number() as Varchar )
END CATCH

Output

ERROR_STATE Function

The ERROR_STATE function returns the state of the error which caused the CATCH block of TRY or CATCH logic to execute. The following query returns the State where the error occurred:

Example

BEGIN TRY
Select 11/ 0
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
SELECT ‘An error has occurred at line: ‘ + cast(ERROR_State() as Varchar )
END CATCH

Output

ERROR_SEVERITY Function

The ERROR_SEVERITY function returns the severity of the error which caused the CATCH block of TRY or CATCH logic to execute. The following query returns the severity where the error occurred:

Example

BEGIN TRY
Select 11/ 0
END TRY
BEGIN CATCH
SELECT ‘An error has occurred at line: ‘ + cast(ERROR_Severity() as Varchar )
END CATCH

Output