SQL Server Hosting News – The New Features of SQL Server 2016

The New Features of SQL Server 2016

SQL Server 2016 introduces three new principal security features—Always Encrypted, Row-Level Security, and dynamic data masking. While all these features are security related, each provides a different level of data protection within this latest version of the database platform. Throughout this chapter, they explore the uses of these features, how they work, and when they should be used to protect data in your SQL Server database.

SQL Server 2016 delivers breakthrough mission-critical capabilities in scalability, performance, and availability for your most important OLTP and data warehousing workloads.

Always Encrypted

Always Encrypted is a client-side encryption technology in which data is automatically encrypted not only when it is written but also when it is read by an approved application. Unlike Transparent Data Encryption, which encrypts the data on disk but allows the data to be read by any application that queries the data, Always Encrypted requires your client application to use an Always Encrypted– enabled driver to communicate with the database. By using this driver, the application securely transfers encrypted data to the database that can then be decrypted later only by an application that has access to the encryption key. Any other application querying the data can also retrieve the encrypted values, but that application cannot use the data without the encryption key, thereby rendering the data useless. Because of this encryption architecture, the SQL Server instance never sees the unencrypted version of the data.

Row-Level Security

Row-Level Security (RLS) allows you to configure tables such that users see only the rows within the table to which you grant them access. This feature limits which rows are returned to the user, regardless of which application they are using, by automatically applying a predicate to the query. You can use a filter predicate to silently filter the rows that are accessible by the user when using INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE statements. In addition, you can use the following block predicates to block the user from writing data: AFTER INSERT, AFTER UPDATE, BEFORE UPDATE and BEFORE DELETE. These block predicates return an error to the application indicating that the user is attempting to modify rows to which the user does not have access. You implement RLS by creating an inline table function that identifies the rows accessible to users. The function you create can be as simple or complex as you need. Then you create a security policy to bind the inline table function to one or more tables.

Dynamic data masking

When you have a database that contains sensitive data, you can use dynamic data masking to obfuscate a portion of the data unless you specifically authorize a user to view the unmasked data. To mask data, you can use one of the following four masking functions to control how users see the data returned by a query: 

Default

Use this function to fully mask values by returning a value of XXXX (or fewer Xs if a column length is less than 4 characters) for string data types, 0 for numeric and binary data types, and 01.01.2000 00:00:00.0000000 for date and time data types. 

Email

Use this function to partially mask email addresses like this: [email protected] This pattern masks not only the email address but also the length of the email address.

Partial

Use this function to partially mask values by using a custom definition requiring three parameters

Random

Use this function to fully mask numeric values by using a random value between a lower and upper boundary that you specify.

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